Several options are available to those that are currently at risk of non-compliance. The first, and probably least desirable, is to fail to comply and pay fines.
Another route that could – and we think will – be taken is pooling. For some manufacturers, this will be an attractive option, enabling them to comply as part of a larger group with a limit value curve based on the characteristics of the pooled group’s car fleet. There are rules, mainly aimed at avoiding anti-competitiveness, by which ‘poolees’ have to comply. Any notifications of pooling agreements have to be made to the EU by the end of the year for which the pooled results are intended to be counted. So, manufacturers intending to pool results for 2020 would need to notify regulators of their plans by the end of that year. The list of pooling arrangements will subsequently be made public.
the final method would be to alter the mix of vehicles and powertrains sold such that the fleet average CO2 figure falls within the required limit….. The decline of diesel car sales has amplified the problem significantly….
An excerpt from LMC Automotive